Faced with near double-digit inflation, an economy that may already be in recession, sluggish confidence and a depressed pound, new Chancellor of the Exchequer Kwasi Kwarteng hopes to administer a reviving potion to households and businesses.
But the immediate reaction of the markets, worried about the side effects of the remedy on public finances, was very negative vis-à-vis the pound, which fell on Friday at midday, to evolve near its historic low against the dollar.
Tax cuts and energy bill freezes
During the worst energy crisis in generations, this government stands with the peoplehe claimed during a presentation to Parliament, adding that he wanted
reform the supply side of the economy in
lowering taxes to boost growth.
This is how we will reverse the vicious circle of stagnation economic, he insisted.
Flagship measure of
mini budgetenergy bills are frozen for two years, at 2500 pounds for an average household, a rebate of at least 1000 pounds financed by the government.
Companies are not to be outdone and see their invoices covered for about half for six months.
Gas and electricity prices have soared since the start of the war in Ukraine, due to limitations on the supply of hydrocarbons from Russia, and the United Kingdom is particularly dependent on gas.
This massive support for energy bills should cost 60 billion pounds for the first six months, quantified Mr. Kwarteng.
The cocktail of measures also includes generous tax cuts, reversing in particular the increases decided by the previous Conservative government: lowering of social security contributions, the tax on real estate transactions and the maximum rate of income tax, and suspension of certain ecological samples.
Prime Minister Liz Truss has herself acknowledged that her government’s policy will mostly favor the better-off.
100 billion pounds
Instead of defending working people, the Conservatives are protecting the profits of energy giantswhich have benefited from soaring oil prices since the start of the war in Ukraine, accused Labor finance chief Rachel Reeves.
She notes that the energy price cap will be financed by borrowing, an addition that should fall on the taxpayer. The total cost of the package of measures, including the tax cuts, is not disclosed, but economists have estimated it at more than 100 billion pounds, the Barclays bank even speaking of 200 billion.
No economic forecasts, no assessment of the impact of large (tax) concessions on public borrowing. This is very damaging to the UK’s reputation as a fiscally responsible nation.lambasted ex-Bank of England member Andrew Sentence.
Investors also reacted by selling British debt securities, whose ten-year borrowing rates jumped to 3.84% on Friday, a peak since 2011.
The pound, meanwhile, already at its lowest levels since 1985, plunged 2% and threatened to break below the $1.10 threshold, approaching its record low since the end of the gold standard of 1 $.0520.
Many critics also denounced a policy that favors those who have the most means, such as the NGO Oxfam, which speaks of a policy
win win for the richest.
The employers’ union CBI saluted on its side
the rapid and decisive action of the government to provide substantial short-term solutions to businesses.
Another conservative leitmotiv hammered home by the new Chancellor of the Exchequer:
put the UK back to workwhile the British labor market is suffering from a serious shortage of arms which is hampering activity.
Access to minimum income (
universal credit) will thus be accompanied by obligations for certain people who work less than 15 hours per week.
In order to attract investment in the United Kingdom, Kwasi Kwarteng and Liz Truss also want to appear as heralds of post-Brexit deregulation, including the removal of limits inherited from the EU on City bonuses.
The government also aims to create 38 zones
investment deregulated, resembling the free ports project of the previous Conservative government.
Mr. Kwarteng also warned that the right to strike would be limited to cases where wage negotiations failed, to mitigate the impact of industrial action.